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Sunday, March 3, 2019

HTML, XHTML & CSS

Beginners For HTML, XHTML & CSS


Part I: Getting to Know (X)HTML and CSS 


This part sets the stage and includes an overview of and introduction to the Web and the software that people use to mine its treasures. This section also explains how the Web works, including the (X)HTML and CSS that this book covers, and the server-side software and services that deliver the goods to end users (when we aren’t preoccupied with the innards of our systems).
(X)HTML documents, also called Web pages, are the fundamental units of information organization and delivery on the Web. Here you also discover what HTML is about, how hypertext can enrich ordinary text, and what CSS does to modify and manage how that text looks on display. Next you take a walk on the Web side and build your very first (X)HTML document.


Part II: Formatting Web Pages with (X)HTML


HTML mixes ordinary text with special strings of characters called markup, used to instruct browsers how to display (X)HTML documents. In this part of the book, you find out about markup in general and (X)HTML in particular. We start with a fascinating discussion of (X)HTML document organization and structure. (Well . . . we think it’s fascinating, and hope you do, too.) Next we explain how text can be organized into blocks and lists. Then we tackle how the hyperlinks that put the H into (X)HTML work. After that, we discuss how you can find and use graphical images in your Web pages and make some fancy formatting maneuvers to spruce up those pages.
Throughout this part of the book, we include discussion of (X)HTML markup elements (tags) and how they work. By the time you finish Part II, expect to have a good overall idea of what HTML is and how you can use it.


Part III: Taking Precise Control Over Web Pages and Styles


Part III starts with a discussion of Cascading Style Sheets (CSS) — another form of markup language that lets (X)HTML deal purely with content while it deals with how Web pages look when they’re displayed in a Web browseror as rendered on other devices (PDAs, mobile phones, and special so-called assistive devices for print-handicapped users). After exploring CSS syntax and structures and discovering how to use them, you find out how to manipulate the color and typefaces of text, backgrounds, and more on your Web pages. You also learn about more complex collections of markup — specifically tables — as you explore and observe their capabilities in detail. We give you lots of examples to help you design and build commercial-grade (X)HTML documents. You can get started working with related (X)HTML tag syntax and structures that you need to know so you can build complex Web pages.


Part IV: Integrating Scripts with (X)HTML 


(X)HTML isn’t good at snazzing up text and graphics when they’re on display (that’s where CSS excels). And (X)HTML really can’t do much by itself. Web designers often build interactive, dynamic Web pages by using scripting tools to add interactivity to an (X)HTML framework.
In this part of the book, you find out about scripting languages that enable Web pages to interact with users and that also provide ways to respond to user input or actions and to grab and massage data along the way. You get introduced to general scripting languages, and we jump directly into the most popular of such languages — JavaScript. You can discover the basic elements of this scripting language and how to add interactivity to Web pages. You can also explore typical uses for scripting that you can extend and add to your own Web site. We go on to explore how to create and extract data from Web-based data input forms and how to create and use scripts that react to a user’s actions while she visits your Web pages.
Throughout this part of the book, examples, advice, and details show you how these scripting components can enhance and improve your Web site’s capabilities — and your users’ experiences when visiting your pages.


Part V: (X)HTML Projects 


This part tackles typical complex Web pages. You can use these as models for similar capabilities in your own Web pages. These projects include personal and company pages, an eBay auction page, and even a product catalog page with its own shopping cart!


Part VI: The Part of Tens


We sum up and distill the very essence of the mystic secrets of (X)HTML. Here you can read further about cool Web tools, get a second chance to review top dos and don’ts for HTML markup, and review how to catch and  kill potential bugs and errors in your pages before anybody else sees them. You also get a collection of killer online resources you can use to further your own ongoing education in HTML, XHTML, and CSS over time.

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